The Korean Writing SystemSyllablesNounsPredicatesFormal and Informal SpeechPre-Final and Final EndingsSpeech LevelAdding ㅓ or ㅏ to a predicate stemAdding 으 to predicates stemsThe Deferential Speech LevelThe Intimate Speech LevelThe Polite Speech LevelThe Plain Speech LevelIrregular PredicatesThe Subject Particle 가 and 이The object particle 를 and 을The Topic Particle 는 and 은Forming a Sentence이다 and 아니다있다 and 없다NegationPast TensePredicates as ModifiersDeterminersBound NounsDesireNumbersCountersQuestionsThe Particle 에

The Deferential Speech Level

The following endings are added to a predicate stem depending on whether the clause is declarative, interrogative, imperative or proposotive.

For predicates stems ending in a consonant

Declarative
Interrogative
Imperative
Proposotive
Declarative sentence
  
The weather is hot.
Interrogative sentence
   ?
May I have the customer's contact information?
Imperative sentence
  
Everyone sit in their seat.
Proposotive sentence
   
Let's all walk a little faster.

For predicates stems ending in a vowel

Declarative
Interrogative
Imperative
Proposotive
ㅂ becomes the 받침 of the last syllable in the predicate.
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