The Korean Writing SystemSyllablesNounsPredicatesFormal and Informal SpeechPre-Final and Final EndingsSpeech LevelAdding ㅓ or ㅏ to a predicate stemWords with 받침Adding 으 to predicates stemsThe Deferential Speech LevelThe Intimate Speech LevelThe Polite Speech LevelThe Plain Speech LevelThe Honorific Ending 시Irregular PredicatesParticlesThe Subject Particle 가 and 이The object particle 를 and 을The Topic Particle 는 and 은Forming a Sentence이다 and 아니다있다 and 없다NegationPast TensePredicates as ModifiersDeterminersBound NounsExpressing desire with 고 싶다NumbersCountersQuestionsThe Particle 에The Plural Particle 들The Possessive Particle 의The Particle 에서The Particle 도The Particle 부터The Particle 까지The Particle 만

The Deferential Speech Level

The following endings are added to a predicate stem depending on whether the clause is declarative, interrogative, imperative or proposotive.
For predicates stems ending in a consonant
Declarative
Interrogative
Imperative
Proposotive
Declarative sentence
  
The weather is hot.
Interrogative sentence
   ?
May I have the customer's contact information?
Imperative sentence
  
Everyone sit in their seat.
Propositive sentence
   
Let's all walk a little faster.
For predicates stems ending in a vowel
Declarative
Interrogative
Imperative
Propositive
ㅂ becomes the  of the last syllable in the predicate.
previousnext