The Korean Writing SystemSyllablesNounsPredicatesFormal and Informal SpeechPre-Final and Final EndingsSpeech LevelAdding ㅓ or ㅏ to a predicate stemAdding 으 to predicates stemsThe Deferential Speech LevelThe Intimate Speech LevelThe Polite Speech LevelThe Plain Speech LevelIrregular PredicatesThe Subject Particle 가 and 이The object particle 를 and 을The Topic Particle 는 and 은Forming a Sentence이다 and 아니다있다 and 없다NegationPast TensePredicates as ModifiersDeterminersBound NounsDesireNumbersCountersQuestionsThe Particle 에

Pre-Final and Final Endings

Korean predicates combine with endings to form sentences. Endings are added to a predicate in a particular order and changes the meaning of a sentence when added. Below we cover two categories of endings and give examples.

Pre-Final Endings

Pre-final ending are added directly to a predicate stem.

Final Endings

If a predicate contains a pre-final ending, the final ending is placed after the pre-final ending. Otherwise the final-ending is added to the predicate stem.
Here are some example sentences demonstrating the placement of predicate stemspre-final endings  and final endings.
  
Practice already ended.
     
Well, both of you do not continue standing and sit in your desk.
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