The Korean Writing SystemSyllablesNounsPredicatesFormal and Informal SpeechPre-Final and Final EndingsSpeech LevelAdding ㅓ or ㅏ to a predicate stemAdding 으 to predicates stemsThe Deferential Speech LevelThe Intimate Speech LevelThe Polite Speech LevelThe Plain Speech LevelIrregular PredicatesThe Subject Particle 가 and 이The object particle 를 and 을The Topic Particle 는 and 은Forming a Sentence이다 and 아니다있다 and 없다NegationPast TensePredicates as ModifiersDeterminersBound NounsDesireNumbersCountersQuestionsThe Particle 에

The Intimate Speech Level

The intimate speech level has 1 conjugation for all sentence types. Declarative, Interrogative, Imperative, Propositive. The predicate 이다 and 아니다 are formed irregularly in the intimate speech level. To conjugate predicates in the intimate speech level a ㅓ or ㅏ is added to the predicate stem.

Examples

Predicate 
1. The predicate 끄다 is irregular and becomes ㄲ
2. The stem does not contain a vowel, and so 어 is added to the stem.
Conjugated predicate 꺼
Predicate 
1. The predicate 먹다 is regular and does not change.
2. The vowel pronounced closest to the end of the word is ㅓ and so 어 is added to the stem.
Conjugated predicate 먹어
Predicate 
1. The predicate 아름답다 is irregular and becomes 아름다우.
2. The vowel pronounced closest to the end of the word is ㅜ and so 어 is added to the stem.
Conjugated predicate 아름다워
Predicate 
1. The predicate 나쁘다 is irregular and becomes 나ㅃ.
2. The vowel pronounced closest to the end of the word is ㅏ and so 아 is added to the stem.
Conjugated predicate 나빠
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