The Korean Writing SystemSyllablesNounsPredicatesFormal and Informal SpeechPre-Final and Final EndingsSpeech LevelAdding ㅓ or ㅏ to a predicate stemAdding 으 to predicates stemsThe Deferential Speech LevelThe Intimate Speech LevelThe Polite Speech LevelThe Plain Speech LevelIrregular PredicatesThe Subject Particle 가 and 이The object particle 를 and 을The Topic Particle 는 and 은Forming a Sentence이다 and 아니다있다 and 없다NegationPast TensePredicates as ModifiersDeterminersBound NounsDesireNumbersCountersQuestionsThe Particle 에


Some predicates have a corresponding negated predicate. Some predicates are defined as the negation of another predicate. For example,   and  and  and . Predicates not appearing in these pairs can be negated using the 안 and the 지 않다 construction.

Negation with 안

Compound predicates are of the form noun + 하다. For example, . If a predicate is not a compound predicate, it can be negated by placing 안 before to the predicate. This construction can not be used for proposotive or imperative clauses.
The meeting is not starting?

Negation with -지 않다

The construction can also be used to negate a predicate where 지 is placed after the predicate stem.
(I) will not close (my) eyes.