The Korean Writing SystemSyllablesNounsPredicatesFormal and Informal SpeechPre-Final and Final EndingsSpeech LevelAdding ㅓ or ㅏ to a predicate stemWords with 받침Adding 으 to predicates stemsThe Deferential Speech LevelThe Intimate Speech LevelThe Polite Speech LevelThe Plain Speech LevelThe Honorific Ending 시Irregular PredicatesParticlesThe Subject Particle 가 and 이The object particle 를 and 을The Topic Particle 는 and 은Forming a Sentence이다 and 아니다있다 and 없다NegationPast TensePredicates as ModifiersDeterminersBound NounsExpressing desire with 고 싶다NumbersCountersQuestionsThe Particle 에The Plural Particle 들The Possessive Particle 의The Particle 에서The Particle 도The Particle 부터The Particle 까지The Particle 만


Some predicates have a corresponding negated predicate. Some predicates are defined as the negation of another predicate. For example,   and  and  and . Predicates not appearing in these pairs can be negated using the 안 and the 지 않다 construction.
Negation with 안
Compound predicates are of the form noun + 하다. For example, . If a predicate is not a compound predicate, it can be negated by placing the adverb 안 before the predicate. This construction can not be used for propositive or imperative clauses.
It did not rain so (I) refolded (my) umbrella.
Seungkyu said the heat came in so now it is not cold.
Negation with -지 않다
The construction can also be used to negate a predicate where 지 is placed after the predicate stem.
(I) will not close (my) eyes.
(Right now, (I) am not hungry.