The Korean Writing SystemSyllablesNounsPredicatesFormal and Informal SpeechPre-Final and Final EndingsSpeech LevelAdding ㅓ or ㅏ to a predicate stemWords with 받침Adding 으 to predicates stemsThe Deferential Speech LevelThe Intimate Speech LevelThe Polite Speech LevelThe Plain Speech LevelThe Honorific Ending 시Irregular PredicatesParticlesThe Subject Particle 가 and 이The object particle 를 and 을The Topic Particle 는 and 은Forming a Sentence이다 and 아니다있다 and 없다NegationPast TensePredicates as ModifiersDeterminersBound NounsExpressing desire with 고 싶다NumbersCountersQuestionsThe Particle 에The Plural Particle 들The Possessive Particle 의The Particle 에서The Particle 도The Particle 부터The Particle 까지The Particle 만


A particle is a part of Korean speech. Particles are added to a word to indicate that the word has a certain meaning or grammatical role in a sentence. Case particles attach only to nouns while special particles may attach to a noun or another particle. Each particle does not have only 1 meaning but several. For example the particle has many meanings including, methods, direction of movement or cause.
In the following section we introduce perhaps the 3 most important Korean particles. The subject particle, the topic particle and the object particle.
A dedicated topic will be used to introduce more particles in later sections.