The Korean Writing SystemSyllablesNounsPredicatesFormal and Informal SpeechPre-Final and Final EndingsSpeech LevelAdding ㅓ or ㅏ to a predicate stemAdding 으 to predicates stemsThe Deferential Speech LevelThe Intimate Speech LevelThe Polite Speech LevelThe Plain Speech LevelIrregular PredicatesThe Subject Particle 가 and 이The object particle 를 and 을The Topic Particle 는 and 은Forming a Sentence이다 and 아니다있다 and 없다NegationPast TensePredicates as ModifiersDeterminersBound NounsDesireNumbersCountersQuestionsThe Particle 에

The Polite Speech Level

The polite speech level is formed identically to the intimate speech level followed by a . The predicate 이다 and 아니다 are formed irregularly in the polite speech level.

Examples

Predicate 
1. The predicate 끄다 is irregular and becomes ㄲ
2. The stem does not contain a vowel, and so 어요 is added to the stem.
Conjugated predicate 꺼요
Predicate 
1. The predicate 먹다 is regular and does not change.
2. The vowel pronounced closest to the end of the word is ㅓ and so 어요 is added to the stem.
Conjugated predicate 먹어요
Predicate 
1. The predicate 아름답다 is irregular and becomes 아름다우.
2. The vowel pronounced closest to the end of the word is ㅜ and so 어요 is added to the stem.
Conjugated predicate 아름다워요
Predicate 
1. The predicate 나쁘다 is irregular and becomes 나ㅃ.
2. The vowel pronounced closest to the end of the word is ㅏ and so 아요 is added to the stem.
Conjugated predicate 나빠요
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