The Korean Writing SystemSyllablesNounsPredicatesFormal and Informal SpeechPre-Final and Final EndingsSpeech LevelAdding ㅓ or ㅏ to a predicate stemAdding 으 to predicates stemsThe Deferential Speech LevelThe Intimate Speech LevelThe Polite Speech LevelThe Plain Speech LevelIrregular PredicatesThe Subject Particle 가 and 이The object particle 를 and 을The Topic Particle 는 and 은Forming a Sentence이다 and 아니다있다 and 없다NegationPast TensePredicates as ModifiersDeterminersBound NounsDesireNumbersCountersQuestionsThe Particle 에

Predicates as Modifiers

A suffix can be added to a predicate in order to change it into a modifier.

Verbs as modifiers in the present tense

To change a verb to a modifier in the present tense, the suffix 는 is added.
 
The man who goes.

Verbs as modifiers in the past tense

To change a verb to a modifier in the past tense, the suffix 은 is added to the verb stem when the verb ends in a consonant. If the verb stem ends in a vowel ㄴ becomes a suffix as a 받침.
 
The experience of having arrived

Verbs as modifiers in the prospective tense

To change a verb to a modifier in the prospective tense, the suffix 을 is added to the verb stem when the verb ends in a consonant. If the verb stem ends in a vowel ㄹ becomes a suffix as a 받침. A modifier in the prospective tense does indicate that a verb is guaranteed to occur in the future.
 
A letter that may be sent

Adjectives as modifiers

To change an adjective to a modifier, the suffix 은 is added to the adjective stem when the adjective ends in a consonant. If the verb stem ends in a vowel ㄴ becomes a suffix as a 받침.
 
A beautiful woman
 
A large building
 
A slow cat
 
A difficult day
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